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Sentence construction
A complex sentence is made up of an independent/main clause and one or more dependent/subordinate clauses.
Օրինակ
When I get up in the morning, I am hungry.
A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate.
An independent clause is a complete thought. It can stand alone as a sentence.
Օրինակ
I am hungry.
A dependent clause is not a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Օրինակ
When I get up in the morning
The dependent clause in a complex sentence usually begins with a subordinating conjunction such as if, when, after, although, as, because, before, since, unless, until, or while.
A comma is generally used to separate a dependent clause from the independent clause if the dependent clause comes first.
Օրինակ
Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class.
A comma is not used to separate a dependent clause from the independent clause if the independent clause comes first.
Օրինակ
She was late for class because her alarm clock was broken.