The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. The present continuous tense is formed with the subject plus the present particle form (-ing) of the main verb and the present continuous tense of the verb to be: am, is, are (be (am, is, are) + verb + ing = present continuous).
Present progressive/continuous functions:
1. Present Continuous for action happening now:
a) for action happening exactly now: I am eating my lunch.
b) for action happening around now (the action may not be happening exactly now, but it is happening just before and just after now, and it is not permanent or habitual). They are building a new stadium in our city (the action is happening around now)
2. Present Continuous for fixed plans in the near future.
His parents are coming on Saturday.
a) if the syllable is stressed we double the last consonant and then add -ing.
commit - committing
swim - swimming
run - running
run - running
b) if the syllable is not stressed we don't double the last consonant.
open - opening
c) If the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y.
lie - lying
die - dying
d) If the base verb ends in e, omit the e.
Short/contracted forms of auxiliaries:
I'm not getting
|you're getting||you're not= you aren't getting|
|he's getting||he's not= he isn't getting|
|she's getting||she's not= she isn't getting|
|it's getting||it's not=it isn't getting|
|we're getting||we're not= we aren't getting|
|they're getting||they're not=they aren't getting|