A preposition is used to link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition is used to indicate time (at \(12\)), place (at hospital), direction (to the hospital), or logical relationship between the other parts of the sentence. A preposition is followed by a noun.
The table below gives information on the most frequently used prepositions:
Prepositions of Time
|days of the week||on Sunday|
parts of the day
after a certain period of time
in the morning
in an hour
a certain point of time
during the time when it is dark
during the weekend
at \(12\) (o'clock)
|telling the time|
\(10\) to \(12\) (\(11:50\))
\(10\) past \(12\) (\(12:10\))
|before a particular time, up to||till/until Friday|
Until is a preposition. Until is often shortened to till or til.
Till or til are more informal and we don’t usually use them in formal writing.
Prepositions of Place
touching a surface or an object
on the wall
on the table
on the first floor
(room, building, street, city, country,
book, car, taxi, picture, world, etc.)
in the kitchen, in the house, in the street,
in London, in the book, in the car, in a taxi,
in the picture, in the world
an exact position or a particular place
at the door, at the station, at the table,
at a concert, at the party, at the cinema,
at school, at work
who or what you are
discussing, describing, etc.
We were talking about you.
|when an event or action has ended||Let's go for a walk fter breakfast.|
when people or things are in a place
together or are doing something together
He lives with his grandmother.
Join the two pieces together with glue.
|at the back of someone or something||The teacher was standing behind me.|
on Christmas Eveon New Year's Eve